According to “What is literature and does it matter” from chapter 2 written by Jonathan Culler, I have got a more profound insight into “what is literature”. I think that throughout the whole chapter, the most important aspect of this section of the chapter is the author using the distinctions between the literary works and other discourses to define what is literature. In other words, what the plain and simple discourses don’t possess are the features what literary works probably possess. I believe that, according to the chapter, there are two main determinants for literature identification. One is the word itself, the other is the person who is reading the word. The author wants to tell the readers that for the word which is simply straightly informing information without ornamental or rhyme or hiding information is mostly non-literary work and vice versa.
Persons who can understand what is shown in words straightly and simply only is working with the non-literature, and persons who can understand the information beyond and behind what is shown in words straightly and simply is working with the literature in mind. That’s why the author says that the same materials might be considered as literature or non-literature by different people.
It is important for thinking about the definition of literature because readers can consider the possibility of more thinking work needed to interpreter a material if they find it is a literary work. Furthermore, when a reader is thinking about the possibility of the literary aspect it is definitely needing more brain work and more reaped. It is good for the human brain to develop and evolve to a smarter level. Similarly, at the same time, people who can interpreter literary works are generally considered as having a higher education level than those who can not.
In a word, if we want to be elites of this society who have a smarter mind and wiser insight we should be able to define and interpret literary works!
My question is that should we deal with daily language in a literary way or non-literary way? Which one is better?
Literature is something that is posted and or talked about by different people. As you may have guessed or know some may think of it as a journal or maybe something that we could be doing which a blog , and it could be classified as a poem as many would do.
Literature can be transformed into many things to defined and help the reader to understand the purpose of the author’s method and logic of how he would want the readers to understand him/her . It may not be in everyone interest to like what ever the author speaks about but understand the topic furthermore interested into the author and some of the other kinds of literature the author wrote or spoke about ,
It may not matter to other but it could matter to “you” about literature and what is the purpose of it and why people could be interested in it, which could be for many reasons. I would say depending on what type of literature and author’s that grab your attention literature could make a big difference to anyone.
What is literature and does it matter ? Jonathan cellular points out that literature is interesting to think that the definition of the world itself is not so easily pinned down. Many qualities of literature can be applied to outside subjects with relative ease. Culler mentions that it comes in all shapes and sizes and literature may have some qualities that differentiate it from autobiography or song for instance. literary apart from other forms of writing. The nature of literature is also important because of their unique structure and function many types of poetry are instantly recognizable. Literature creates a fictional world in which the reader is privy to complex narrative woven using different techniques. Literature matters because theory has heighted the literariness of texts of all sorts. The suspension of the demand for immediate intelligibility, reflection on the implications of means expression, and attention on the implications of means of expression and attention to how meaning is made and pleasure produced.
The chapter asks more than just “what is literature and does it matter?” The chapter breaks down the definition of literature and rebuilds it as something that is subjective to the time and culture that it is being consumed in. As a result, the context of the words becomes just as important as the level of attention the words seem to beg for. These definitions are important because what might not be considered literature today may very well be respected and dissected in college classrooms years down the line, it is important to have an open mind.
One question that stuck with me is, who is it that gets the final say on what is literature? Is it a group of literary scholars who come together and decide?
1.During the first ten pages of the chapter of the book, I’ve learned with literature there are many ways it can be categorized and there are many many definitions for it. To me the most important part of literature in the chapter is “ Treating texts as literature” (pg 23). Anything of the sort a play, a poem era story can be literature so in my opinion I think its amazing how anything can be literature like texts. literature is not tied down to one definition, it can be anything thing you read.
- The only question that kept coming to mind was “ why does literature have so many categories? “
1.After reading chapter 2 in “What is literature, and does it matter?” by Jonathan Culler, I believe the important part is about the method we use to define literature. We can do this by providing examples about works that may not be literatures. Furthermore, it tells us how this connects to speeches, sermons, history, philosophy, poem, and story. In the first ten pages of the second chapter of the book Literary Theory,” Culler give us examples of poems and stories like Shakespeare’s Hamlet and the ‘My Love is like a red, red rose’ by Robert Bruns. In this paragraph, Culler details how theorists explore the different interpretations between different literary works. In poems they use rhymes, but also tell stories about their feelings and emotions to share with the person who is reading it while the novel is plotted to a story that keeps you captivated. Even though it is hard to tell what is the difference with what is literature and non-literature, it is better to get an understanding with both. However, at the end of the day, certain literary works have continued to influence the way we live our lives.
2.After reading this chapter, the question reverberates throughout my head is “what is the importance between literary and non-literary for human life?” I would like to understand this better, is it that maybe we, as individuals, interpret literary works and non literary works in different manners.
After reading “What is literature and does it matter? written by Jonathan Culler in my point of view the most important aspect is that “literature comes in all shapes and sizes and most of them seem to have more in common with works that aren’t usually called literature than they do with some other works recognized as literature (p 21)”. As discussed in the chapter the author mentioned that literature maybe a poem, play, or narrative. The way that they are written differs from each other. To name some are poems and sonnets are written on shorter lines while narratives are longer. Some articles are written more interesting because the authors used different devices such as figures of speech such as simile, metaphor, hyperbole and etc..There are two characteristics that could lead to identifying first, the theory itself which intermingles with the different fields of learning. Second, we can say that all text is somewhat not equal some text is created more powerful and intense while some are soft and weak. The importance of thinking about the definition of literature plays a huge part in understanding the components of the literature. Moreover, it is an undertaking of the writers and the readers that require knowledge, deeper understanding, and skills in carrying out their tasks.
The question that stayed with me while reading this article is that Does literature play a significant role in identifying a particular generation?
1.In the chapter2 “What is literature and does it matter?” which is written by Jonathan Culler, he points out that literary and non-literary cannot be clearly defined according to their style, they can come in any style and being learned in the same way. How to define them depends on how readers think about them. Looking though history, literary and non-literary both act as the container of culture, have developed their diversity under many cultural backgrounds. Culler also attempts to address the most importance quality of the literature, which is utility. He lists an example in the article which he extracts random words from a context and line them on a page, the result shows that the sentence lost its function because it does not make sense anymore (24), this proves that utility is a vital quality of literature. In my opinion, the most important aspect of this chapter is defining how literary or non-literary helps human. Therefore, we need to learn how to efficiently extract useful information from the context, and to achieve this goal students need to be training systematically such as: “memorize them, study their grammar, identify their rhetorical figures and their structures or procedures of argument” (22), otherwise understanding them will become really difficult and exhausted. The reason why thinking about the definition of literature is so important because it is a natural phenomenon of the changing of cultural diversity, which reflects people’s values. Furthermore, literature advance people’s mind to become logical and positive, so reading literature it is worthy.
2.The question stays with me is if reading is like a conversation between literature and reader, will the values of reader cause a change of cultural diversity?
- After reading the chapter “what is literature and does it matter” written by Jonathan Culler, in my opinion we see literature in many different forms such as plays, poetry, and novels. It reflects the culture and represents the civilization and the education of the society or the country and expresses what people believe and how they see the world at this time frame. Literature also goes deeply and indicates the affairs that people interface or have a variety of opinions about it. However, there is no specific definition for literature, what you may consider as a literature some people may not. It does not have a standard to decide what is literature and what is not, also some of it in between. It depends on the background, education, and knowledge you have. So even if the same content is read by different people, every person will have his own way to understand what is behind it.
2. the question that sticks in my mind is why the literature is not clear to define it?