Category Archives: Blog posts


Hello everyone!

My name is Hector Ramos. I’m currently a PTA candidate here at LaGuardia Community College. This is my third attempt at college and my first attempt at pursuing a career that I find worth my time and effort. Before this, I was in and out of restaurants for the last ten years in an effort to secure a future in hospitality. I’m an avid gamer and urban adventurer who enjoys getting to know and help people. I’m always looking to expand my knowledge and skillset; writing included. 

Blog Post #2: Literature as Fiction

In Chapter 2 of Literary Theory: a Very Short Introduction by Jonathan Culler, the author talks about the nature of literature and shows different definitions of literature from other angles. Of all the angles that he talked about, I found the angle of literature being fictional interesting, as the author says ” The literary work is a linguistic event which projects a fictional world that includes speaker, actors, events, and an implied audience (an audience that takes shape through the work’s decisions about what must be explained and what the audience is presumed to know)”. Because of this, fictional works can have many different interpretations of what they actually mean due to people’s personal experiences and as such the meaning of a piece of literature can change over time. What an author might have attempted to convey in a piece of literature could totally be different than what the reader/speaker might get just because of the way they think/their imagination.

Blog #2 The paradox of literature

What is attractive in a text? Is it the wording? Is it the story? Its grammatical tournure?

In his paragraph ” the paradox of literature,” Jonathan Cullen argues that literature wants us to fill up specific codes to be considered as such. Yet it is when you do not follow them that you get praise. He states, ” Literature is a paradoxical institution because to create literature is to write according to existing formulas… but it is also to flout those conventions, to go beyond them.” In other words, the theory does not always follow the practice, and some texts considered as literature are far away from the more ” academic” sense of it.

Having words that follow each other and rhymes don’t necessarily make it a piece of literature. I join Jonathan Cullen on his thought that one of the major elements of reading anything should be the pleasure produced by it, it’s capacity to disconnect us from the real world for a second whatever the text can be.

Literature as Function

In chapter 2 of “What is Literature and Does it Matter?” by Jonathan Culler described literature through different angles. I found Literature as fiction the most interesting in the chapter. Fiction can be entertaining as it builds up scenarios in our mind that we probably don’t get to see in non-fiction or reality. Literature as fiction also shows a better understanding of the world and human condition also known as being born, growing up, falling in love, issues, death, etc. Literature as fiction helps us get the imagination of the story. I also feel like literature as fiction helps us get a deeper meaning of the character and see them through their shoes. 

Blog Post #2

In “The nature of literature” Culler defines literature from many different angles. I found the most interesting part is “Literature as fiction”. This really stuck with me because Culler describes literature as a way to “have a special relation to the world”. Fiction is something that teleports us outside of ourselves and experiences the world from a different perspective. Rather than being told one-dimensional facts like in non-fiction.  Fiction lets the reader interpret more than what is told. A good example of this would be news articles, the news should be only taken as facts. As for fiction watching a movie with a cliffhanger ending leaves room to ask why this happened and what happens next. Culler says “Literary works refer to imaginary rather than historical individuals” this means anyone could write anything and they are only limited to their imagination.

     I think that the most interesting angle about the nature of literature is “literature as fiction” because it explores human conditions as a whole and it wants to understand the world around us. This part of fiction that talks about human nature is the most difficult. However, there are some other literary works that are fun. Sometimes literary fiction is a kind of entertainment, not all fictional literature considered as entertainment, but this kind of fiction gives the readers some enjoyment and advantages which helps them to forget their cares. Also, Fiction literature gives us the chance to interpret events according to our imaginations. One of the defining features of literary fiction is the ability to create characters, as Culler says “Literary works refer to imaginary rather than historical individuals.” Another feature of the fictional literary work is that it is not limited to the time at which a literary work is written, but rather, it depends on the time in the work that the story revolves within. As Culler says “ but to a time in the poem, in the fictional world of its action.” Variety and difference in a work of fiction makes it valid for all times, not just the time in which they were published. And that is what makes it interesting!

What angles do you find most interesting ? “The nature of literature”

The different angles that define literature would be for something for the readers that would grasp the attention and relax your mind.

Something that caught my attention from “The nature of literature” was “foregrounds” they way it was describe explained what I touch upon in my “blog #1″ about what I thought about literature and why it matters

Foregrounds, basically have a language of its own and makes up a different accent then you think it more of something that jumps at you and speaks to you even if it take you a while to understand the language.”Look I’m Language” it shapes the odd ways of how it speaks to you.

Poetry, for example, people may think it’s just a short story but when you think about the logic of it much deeper than you think it is, and when you actually understand it you could hear a sound and different set tone when you come across it and read it with a sound the way it’s organized to be projected.

Literature as fiction

As we already know, Culler had defined literature from several angles. From these angles, my favorite and the one I find more interesting and useful is the fiction angle. When reading this section of the chapter, I reminded a phrase I have heard a long time ago. “BE LIKE AN OPEN ENDING AS FICTION LITERATURE CAN BE.”  As Culler says, “The context of fiction, though, explicitly leaves open the question of what the fiction is really about” (32). An “open ending, an open question.” It means that as readers or viewers we have the choice to decide what is the context of fiction literature about, through our interpretation. What I like the most about literature as fiction is that it works differently for everybody. Explaining it better, we can read the same fiction story, novel, or watch a fiction movie, and it can impact us in a very different way, depending on different factors. For instance, we can interpreter something based on how we are feeling, and it doesn’t mean we are wrong, we just have a different interpretation or a different way to see it. The open ending also means that there is not a specific final, thus, giving us the choice to create our final.

What is literature , and why does it matter?

Literature is something that is posted and or talked about by different people. As you may have guessed or know some may think of it as a journal or maybe something that we could be doing which a blog , and it could be classified as a poem as many would do.

Literature can be transformed into many things to defined and help the reader to understand the purpose of the author’s method and logic of how he would want the readers to understand him/her . It may not be in everyone interest to like what ever the author speaks about but understand the topic  furthermore interested into the author and some of the other kinds of literature the author wrote or spoke about ,

It may not matter to other but it could matter to “you” about literature and what is the purpose of it and why people could be interested in it, which could be for many reasons. I would say depending on what type of literature and author’s that grab your attention literature could make a big difference to anyone.

Blog Post #2

After I read Chapter II “ What is Literature and Does It Matter ?” by Jonathan Culler. In my opinion, the most interesting part is “Literature as fiction”. This part tells the story that literary works project a fictional world, and this fictional world may be very different from the real world experience sometimes. As a carrier of thinking, literary works have gone beyond words as the way of narration. It seems to me that literature does not have a specific description or record of the real world like an instruction book or a newspaper. There is a space in the “fiction” of literature, just as authors build a world with their thoughts, when readers read, they will enter the “fiction” space of literature. At this time, the author and the reader are in contact, and each reader has a different experience, so the readers’ cognition of this “fictional” world is also different. Even though the same literary works have more possibilities among different readers.

Blog post # 2

In the “The nature of literature”, the author Culler defines “literature” from several angles. I found the angle “literature as fiction” the most interesting and useful. There are many ways to interpret or create some situations that can be connected to the real world. The fiction writers, by their wonderful literary work let readers to develop their experience of thinking into the imaginary world. They create events, actors, audiences and places in the perfect organized unreal society that is not related to the historical events. Sometimes, the author can focus to the past events by adding some elements of fiction to complete some miss information or knowledge to complete the history. As it is said in the chapter, the speaker plays an important role in the interpretation of the imaginary world, we have to consider his attitude and life experience. The writer could be someone who is happy or sad or fighting for social justice etc. Therefore, he can include his real life or others life into the situation of fiction to express his opinion. The freedom of denouncing something by using fiction without pointing directly to the real event is very interesting, particularly in the dictatorial countries where the freedom of speech is restricted. Also, where activists for human right, authors and journalists are persecuted.